C.T.S.P – Review of Achievement for 2018
C.T.S.P – Review of Achievement for 2018
- 1. Introduction of a Minimum Wage
- After 10 days of Hunger Strike in October 2017, finally a National Minimum Wage was introduced in January 2018.
- Today because of aberrant flaws in the Minimum Wage Regulation, Tens of Thousands of workers are not benefitting from same.
(i) Some employers have modified the contract of employment of Contractual workers and shifted same on hourly rate.
(ii) The Export Textile Sector are still paying the basic wage prescribed before January 2018.
(iii) Some employers still pay remuneration in kind, e.g. Domestic Workers.
(iv) Many Textile Export Enterprises has changed variable income into fixed income just before the introduction of a Minimum Wage.
(v) Many employers in the informal sectors are not paying the National Pension Fund (N.P.F) and with the Mauritius Revenue Authority (M.R.A) have not registered their employees for them to benefit from of Rs. 500 grants.
(vi) The Textile Export Sector have been authorized to consider an amount of Rs. 2,500 for lodging and accommodation in the computation of the Minimum Wage. It is a glaring fact that many foreign workers are not benefitting quality accommodation with food for a value of Rs. 2500. The Ministry of Labour does not have necessary Human Resources to verify same.
- 2. Introduction of the Special Education Needs Authority
- In the new Special Education Needs Authority (S.E.N.A) Act, there is no provision for Unions representing workers of the Special Education Needs Sector (S.E.N.S) to sit on the board.
- 3. National Remuneration Board (N.R.B) Recommendation for Wage Relativity in the Private Sectors.
- According to the National Minimum Wage Council Act, there is an obligation to review wage relativity in the Private Sector after the introduction of a National Minimum Wage.
- The N.R.B has submitted its recommendations in September 2018 to the Minister of Labour who has not yet decided to table same in Cabinet.
The C.T.S.P fears that when same will be implemented, wage compensation payable in January 2019 will be inclusive.
- 4. Amendment of Construction Remuneration Order
- An Agreement between the C.T.S.P and the B.A.C.E.C.A (Employers Association) for a 22% wage increase was signed in 2017.
- Soon after a joint request was submitted to the Minister of Labour for an amendment of the Construction Remuneration Order.
- All stakeholders have finished to depone before mid-2018, we are still waiting for the recommendation of the N.R.B.
- The Construction Sector is near a double-digit growth and wages have not been reviewed for the last 10 years.
- 5. Employment of Foreign Workers
- It is no secret that in years to come, tens of thousands of foreign workers will come to Mauritius. The main reasons lie in the rapid decline in the birth rate, the ageing population, youth brain drain and more youth are opting for white collar jobs after Tertiary education.
- Mauritius has been charged of Human Trafficking by International Observers as for foreign workers there is no employer or employee relationship.
- As soon as a foreign worker join an enterprise, the employer has full right on Him or Her.
- The employer is the only one who will decide whether to terminate the contract of employment and inform that the work permit has been cancelled.
- No clearance is needed from any Ministry, with the help of Passport and Immigration Office, Foreign workers are expelled Manu – Military.
The C.T.S.P is still claiming that an employment of Foreign workers Regulation ought to be introduced.
- 6. Smart Card for Foreign Workers
- Cabinet has decided that all Foreign Workers will be furnished with a smart card in order to be able to tract them wherever they go.
- The main idea is to protect the interest of the employer who have recruited them in order for them not to work on the black market.
- However, nothing has been decided against unscrupulous employers who makes Foreign Workers work on the black market.
- 7. Political Party Financing
- The proposals made by government for Political Party Financial still opens floodgates for funding to come from the Private Sectors.
- The C.T.S.P views funding from the Private Sector as the main factor to influence trafficking in Mauritius.
- It is an aberration to accept that enterprises are financing Political Parties when there is no proper wage distribution in enterprises.
- There cannot be good governance with Political Party Financing from Private Corporates.
- 8. Presence of Asbestos in Public Buildings.
- It is a glaring fact that Asbestos is present in public buildings and social houses under the custody of the State.
- The roof tops of many wards at Victoria Hospital is a cruel example.
- Since 2015, government voted 100 million rupees to remove asbestos roof tops at Victoria Hospital. The show is still going on.
- Thousands of E.D.C houses are still waiting for State intervention. This matter is one of their so-called electoral promises amongst other which they still have not honoured.
- 9. Workers under E-Surveillance
- Mauritius is now under full influence of a digital economy (4.0 economy). Not only job lost because of robotisation of many sectors, but now because of digitalization workers are under strict E-Surveillance.
- Any time the boss can view what the slaves are doing on his Cell-Phone.
- Many workers are subjected to termination of employment through Disciplinary Committee where C.C.T.V footage is being used as evidence.
- This is having a direct negative impact on the mental and physical well-being. Workers are exposed to acute psychosocial hazard.
- The C.T.S.P has not spared any opportunity to bring the issue at higher level before Policy Makers.
- In the name of safety of lives and property, this Government and all precedent ones, find no problem that workers are henceforth considered as prisoners in Mauritius
10. Security Guards
- The Security Guards are the only category of workers whose minimum wages is not for 45 hours a week but 72 hours.
- This sector is over exploiting retired workers as no youth are prepared to join in, due to the hardship of the sector.
- The C.T.S.P has for many years claimed that Security Sector ought to work 8 hours of normal work a day as all other workers in country.
- In doing so thousands of jobs will be created and women and youth willingly joined.
- A high-powered ministerial committee under the Chairmanship of Honorable Sawmynaden has been called to discuss and recommend on the matter.
- Months have lapsed still no formal decision has been taken.
11. Workers considered as WASTE
- Not less than 10 years have passed since the C.T.S.P has started to campaign that we need a Refuse Collection Regulation.
- Today it is very common to see workers (Refuse collectors) and garbage next to each other in the same lorry.
- There is presently no law that regulates the type of vehicle that ought to be used for garbage collection.
- Not more the 20 meetings have been called with all stakeholders concerned to discuss on the matter.
- The C.T.S.P still maintains that lorries fitted with compactors ought to be used for refuse collection, furthermore, bins size ought to be regulated and workers Health, Safety and Welfare is at prior concern should be of priority.
We are still waiting for the regulation to come
12. Amendment of O.S.H.A 2005.
- The present Health & Safety Legislation upon floodgates for unscrupulous employers to save themselves from negligence.
- Mauritius is among the few countries of the world where workers do not have the right to know with which danger they are exposed.
- Enterprises are bound to do a Risk Assessment but there is no obligation to submit a copy of the report to workers and their representatives.
- Today employers do not hesitate to back date Risk Assessment to put the blame on the workers.
- Many meetings have been organized at the level of the Advisory Council on Occupational health and safety.
No amendments have been tabled till date. Lives of workers is not a priority.
- Airmate is a State-owned Company and is under the aegis of Air Mauritius Ltd.
Air Mauritius has found a way to create precarious employment by allowing workers to be paid three times less while performing the same job, be it as Attendant, Sales Agent, Ticketing Agent, Cabin Crew, Engineer etc., etc.
- If the State continues to lead by bad example, what will Private Company do?
- The treatment for Negotiation (Collective Bargaining) is also very different. Workers of Airmate have to wait for all negotiations to finish with about 8 Unions in Air Mauritius, for their own to start. They have to beg for better conditions, wages and salary structure.
- Since 2014 they have been fighting with finally 10% increase in December 2019 and other minor upgraded conditions.
The fight goes on and the C.T.S.P will leave no stone unturned because those workers are fighting for JUSTICE and against DISCRIMINATION.
14. Labour Laws
- Since August 2008, 2 Anti – Worker Labour Laws have been voted in Parliament. They offer no protection for workers at all. The employer can hire and fire workers at will.
- For the past 10 years, the C.T.S.P has been struggling to have those Laws changed but to no avail.
- The ‘LEPEP’ Government promised to change those Laws in its Government Manifesto but however once in power, nothing has been done.
- The Minister of Labour announced on Labour Day (2018) that a proposed draft would be given to the Trade Unions in September 2018, we are already in December and still ‘Silence Radio’.
The C.T.S.P will leave no stone unturned to have those Laws changed for better protection of workers of the Private Sectors. Our demonstrations will continue and intensify in 2019.